Palestine Technical University Research Journal


Early detection of plant disease requires usually elaborating methods techniques and especially when symptoms are not visible. Olive Leaf Spot (OLS) infecting upper surface of olive leaves has a long latent infection period. In this work, VIS/NIR spectroscopy was used to determine the latent infection and severity of the pathogens. Two different classification methods were used, Partial Least Squared-Discrimination Analysis (PLS-DA) (linear method) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) (non-linear). SVM-classification was able to classify severity levels 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 with classification rates of 94, 90, 73, 79, 83 and 100%, respectively The overall classification rate was about 86%. PLS-DA was able to classify two different severity groups (first group with severity 0, 1, 2, 3, and second group with severity 4, 5), with a classification rate greater than 95%. The results promote further researches, and the possibility of evaluation OLS in-situ using portable VIS/NIR devices.