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Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Abstract

Rosenow refers to unusual cartouches discovered in the "Nectanebo II" temple at "Tell Basta" written in cryptographic form, and suggests that these cartouches may be for Nectanebo "Nxt-Hr-Hbt-mry-In-Hr-sA-BAstt".([1])However, the deities onto these cartouches are not the same. This notice attracted my attention to study these cartouches and other fragments that were found in the same area, comparing them with others belonging to the same king. Thus, the aim of this paper is to introduce the cryptography system([2]) that was used in writing these unique cartouches. Through this writing system, the paper interprets the religious and political reasons that led to writing the king's name in such a way. Also, this research reveals how the first cryptographic cartouche of Nectanebo includes the Bubastis triad, and at the same time compiles symbols of the most important architectural achievements of the king: the Onuris temple in Samanud, the temple of Behbeit, and the Bastet temple in Tell-Basta, while the other cartouches mixed the Memphite triad with Bubastis triad.

* I would like to thank prof. Dr. Eva Lange for reviewing this article.

([1])Rosenow, D., "The great temple of Bastet",13. ; Spencer, A., "A Naos of Nekhthorheb", 45.

([2])Drioton refers to many articles about the cryptographic writing from the Old kingdom to Greco- Roman era,and Silverman added that the cryptographic writing with the beginning of New kingdom became well Known,and it was used for aesthetic or religious reasons.

Drioton, É., "Recueil de cryptographie monumentale", 307,308 ; Silverman,D.P., "Cryptographic writing in the tomb of Tutankhamun",233 ; Drioton, É., La cryptographie de la chapelle de Toutânkhamon,117,118.

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