Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists

Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists


Domat al-Jandal site contains a wealth of diverse monuments, reflecting the historical depth of the area, as it was a conduit for commercial convoys and a display for many important historical events.

Accordingly, this study aims to find appropriate solutions to preserve this significant archeological site, rehabilitate it([1]), and develop it architecturally, culturally and economically, highlighting its cultural features and its historical dimension.

Before this, the study begins with a brief overview of Domat al-Jandal site in terms of identifying its location and determining the morphological stages it passed through (its planning, its architectural design, and the architectural uses of its lands). The study attempts to fulfill its objectives and answer the following questions:

-What is the current state of the architectural monuments in Domat al-Jandal site?

- Preserving monuments is a national responsibility to be borne by all, as they are a source of inspiration for great history. Based on the importance of Domat al-Jandal site, is there a way to historically display it?

-Is there a way to preserve the remaining monuments from negligence, tampering and removal?

- Is there an appropriate way to restore and maintain the ruined buildings?

- In addition, monuments are regarded as an economic source, so is there a possibility for rehabilitating the site within the modern architectural design to become an archaeological center and a touristic attraction, without affecting the old heritage?

- The historical depth of Domat al-Jandal site, now known as the "daraa neighborhood", includes the oldest historical monuments, such as the fortress of Mard that was built before Islam, Omar ibn al-Khattab Mosque of a unique architectural style with its conical minaret, and the old market that is one of the initial markets of Arabs before Islam. For these distinct considerations, is it possible to select daraa neighborhood, transforming Domat al-Jandal site into a global important heritage site?

([1])Rehabilitate: It means to reuse old sites in general, including residential, commercial or industrial buildings, through its maintenance or development, while preserving the building’s parts and elements that bear distinct historical, architectural or cultural values through the ages the building witnessed since its establishment, in order to preserve it. See Madbouly, Mostafa Kamal, Rehabilitation of Central Areas with Historical Value in Developing Countries, "Cairo Case Study", MA Thesis, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, 1992, p. 26.